中考英语主谓一致性要点归纳(附答案)

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中考英语主谓一致性要点归纳

所谓“主谓一致性”,是指谓语动词在人称和数上和主语的数保持一致。如:When I came in,his family were having supper。现就主谓一致性要点难点归纳如下:

一.复数形式, 含义为单数,谓语用单数人称。

例: news, maths, the United States例: Maths is easy to learn.数学容易学。

二.集合名词:family, class, team, group等,强调整体时,为单三人称,强调全体成员时为复数人称。

例:My family is a big family, with 5 people.我家是个大家庭,有五口人。

His family are having supper now.他们家人都在吃晚饭。

Class 4 are playing against Class 5.四班的同学们在和五班的同学们比赛。

三.单数形式复数含义:people, the police, the Green family 等。

例:The police are coming here to talk to you tonight.警察们今天晚上要来和你谈谈。

The Green family are going to the Great Wall next Sunday.格林一家人下个星期天要去长城。

四.表示时间,距离,金钱,重量,长度等短语, 单数人称。

例:Two years has passed since he left here. 自从他离开这里两年过去了。

Two thousand dollars isn't enough for him to buy the car.两千美元对于他来讲买这辆车不够。

五.并列主语

1.复数人称:用and; both...and连接主语时为复数人称。

例:He and I are good friends.他和我是好朋友。

Milk and bread are my favorite food.牛奶和面包是我最喜欢的食品。

Both Tom and Mary are from England.汤姆和玛丽来自英格兰。

2.人称就近:用or; not only...but (also)…; neither...nor...; either...or... 连接的并列主语, there be句型及倒装句, 人称就近。

例:Not only the students but (also) their teacher wishes to go sightseeing.不仅学生们,他们的老师也希望去观光。

Neither you nor I am interested in music.你和我对音乐都不感兴趣。

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中考英语主谓一致性要点归纳 所谓“主谓一致性”,是指谓语动词在人称和数上和主语的数保持一致。如:When I came in,his family were having supper。现就主谓一致性要点难点归纳如下: 一.复数形式, 含义为单数,谓语用单数人称。 例: news, maths, the United States 例: Maths is easy to learn.数学容易学。 二.集合名词:family, class, team, group 等,强调整体时,为单三人称,强调全体成员时 为复数人称。 例:My family is a big family, with 5 people.我家是个大家庭,有五口人。 His family are having supper now.他们家人都在吃晚饭。 Class 4 are playing against Class 5.四班的同学们在和五班的同学们比赛。 三.单数形式复数含义:people, the police, the Green family 等。 例:The police are coming here to talk to you tonight.警察们今天晚上要来和你谈谈。 The Green family are going to the Great Wall next Sunday.格林一家人下个星期天要 去长城。 四.表示时间,距离,金钱,重量,长度等短语, 单数人称。 例:Two years has passed since he left here. 自从他离开这里两年过去了。 Two thousand dollars isn't enough for him to buy the car.两千美元对于他来讲买这辆 车不够。 五.并列主语 1.复数人称:用 and; both...and 连接主语时为复数人称。 例:He and I are good friends.他和我是好朋友。 Milk and bread are my favorite food.牛奶和面包是我最喜欢的食品。 Both Tom and Mary are from England.汤姆和玛丽来自英格兰。 2.人称就近:用 or; not only...but (also)…; neither...nor...; 主语, there be 句型及倒装句, 人称就近。 例:Not only the students but (also) their teacher wishes to go sightseeing.不仅学生们, 他 们的老师也希望去观光。 Neither you nor I am interested in music.你和我对音乐都不感兴趣。 either...or... 连接的并列 You or he is wrong.或者你错了或者他错了。 There is an apple and many bananas on the table. =There are many bananas and an apple on the table.桌子上有个苹果和许多香蕉。 Here comes a bus.车来了。 At the head of the queue were two old women.排头有两个老妇人。 Here are two apples for you. 这两个苹果是给你的。 3.由 and 连接的两个单数名词作主语,前面有 every, each


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