2017年广州市中考英语试题和参考答案

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2017年广州市初中毕业生学业考试

英语

本试卷共四大题,12页,满分110分。考试时间120分钟。

注意事项:

1.答卷前,考生务必在答题卡上用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔填写自己的考生号、姓名、考点考场号、座位号,再用2B铅笔把对应这两个号码的标号涂黑。

2.选择题每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对直題目的答案标号涂黑。如需要改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案。不能答在试卷上。

3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答題卡各題目指定区域的相应位置上;如需要改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案,改动的答案也不能超出指定的区域;不准使用铅笔、圆珠笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。

4.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁,考试结束,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

一、语法选择(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求.从1?15各题所给的ABCD项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

\

Grandma 2 in the chair by the window when she opened one little eye and said, \

\

George was bored to tears. He didn't have a brother or a sister. His father was a farmer, and 4 farm they lived on was miles away from anywhere, 5 there were never any children to play with. He was tired of staring at 6 pigs, hens, cows and sheep. He was especially tired of having to live in the house with his grandma. Looking after her all by himself was hardly 7 way to spend a Saturday morning.

\

Most grandmothers are lovely, kind, helpful old ladies, but not this one. George's grandma was a woman 9 was always complaining about something or other. She spent all day 10 on her chair by the window. George 11 that Grandma used to be a gentle lady, but as she grew older, she was not able to look after herself and even worse, she was easy to get angry.

\

Thinking of this, George 13 into the kitchen and made Grandma a cup of tea with a teabag.

He put one spoon of sugar and 14 milk in it. He stirred the tea well and carried it into the living room 15 .

( ) 1. A. take B. taking C. to take D. takes

( ) 2. A. sleep B. sleeps C. is sleeping D. was sleeping

( ) 3. A. that B. what C. where D. which

( ) 4. A. a B. an C. the D./

( ) 5. A. but B. if C. or D. so

( ) 6. A. hundred B. hundreds C. hundredth D. hundreds of

( ) 7. A. exciting B. the most exciting C. more exciting D. much more exciting ( ) 8. A. in B. with C. of D. for

( ) 9. A. who B. which C. where D. when

( ) 10. A. sitting B. sits C. sit D. sat

( ) 11. A. tell B. told C. was told D. has told

( ) 12. A. should B. would C. might D. can

( ) 13. A. goes B. went C. will go D. has gone

( ) 14. A. many B. any C. few D. some

( ) 15. A. care B. careful C. carefully D. careless

二、完形填空(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从16?25各题所给的ABCD项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

More than 700 years ago, Scotland was fighting with England. The King of England wanted to 16 Scotland(苏格兰). He had a strong army so it was 17 for the Scots to fight. They lost many times. King Robert of Scotland had to run from the English army.

One rainy day, King Robert lay in an old house. He thought that he was not good enough to be king. He was so 18 that he didn't even see a spider(蜘蛛) near him. He19 when he saw the spider climbing. It was trying to climb up to its web at the top of the house but it fell down.

\

\

\

won't let the English win.\

Nobody knows if this is a true story. Many parents tell it to their children because they want them to keep trying.

( ) 16. A. leave B. control C. help D. visit

( ) 17. A. interesting B. difficult C. important D. necessary

( ) 18. A. surprised B. bored C. worried D. lonely

( ) 19. A. looked ahead B. looked out C. looked on D. looked up

( ) 20. A. old B. strong C. fast D. free

( ) 21. A. tried B. fell C. practised D. cheered

( ) 22. A. finally B. easily C. slowly D. suddenly

( ) 23. A. player B. fighter C. soldier D. spider

( ) 24. A. army B. feelings C. opinions D. family

( ) 25. A. kept B. raised C. stopped D. joined

三、阅读(共两节;满分45分)

第一节阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从26?45各题所给的ABCD项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

( A )

We often hear stories of animals rescuing people. But now someone has managed to return the favour.

The event took place one snowy January morning. Thomas Smith was walking his dog, Jack, in the park. \

Many regard him as a hero, but Mr. Smith is quite laid-back about it. \

same as me. They would do what I did without a second thought. But in the future. I'm going to make sure he's on a lead near any icy ponds.\

Pets are members of our family. Would you do the same for them?

( ) 26. What happened on a cold January morning?

A. Mr. Smith met Jack in the park.

B. Mr. Smith ran after Jack on the ice.

C. Jack fell from the ice into the water.

D. Jack played with the ducks in the water. ( ) 27. How did Mr. Smith save Jack?

A. He asked a neighbour for help.

B. He broke the ice and shouted to Jack.

C. He got Jack by the leg and pulled him out

D. He pulled Jack out of the icy water by the neck.

( ) 28. The underlined phrase \

A. relaxed

B. proud

C. shy

D. brave

( ) 29. In the last paragraph, the writer asks a question to___.

A. suggest keeping pets for fun

B. remind people to put their dogs on the leads

C. encourage people to take good care of their pets

D. advise people not to leave their dogs near icy ponds

( ) 30. What is the best title of the passage?

A. A Man's Pet Dog

B. A Dog's Best Friend

C. The Danger on the Icy Lake

D. Suggestions for Pets' Owners

( B )

Tim Berners-Lee is not the most famous inventor in the world. However, his invention has changed our lives.

He was born in London, England in 1955. When he was a small boy, Tim was interested in playing with electrical things. He studied science at Oxford University. He made his first computer from an old television at the age of 21.

Tim started working on early computers. At that time, they were much bigger than now. He worked in England then Switzerland. Tim was really interested in two things, computers and how the brain works. How could the brain connect so many facts so quickly? He had to work with people all over the world. They shared information about computers. It was hard to manage all the information. He answered the same questions again and again. It took a lot of time. It was even difficult for computers in the same office in Switzerland to share information. Tim also forgot things easily.

Could a computer work like a brain? Could it \

There was an Internet already but it was difficult to use. In 1989, Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web (WWW) all by himself. This had a special language that helped computers talk to each other on the Internet. When people wanted to share information with others, they used the World Wide Web. The Internet grew quickly after that.

Tim Berners-Lee doesn't think he did anything special. He says that all of the ideas about the Internet were already there. All he did was to put them together. He says that many other people worked together to make the Internet what it is today.

Most inventors want to become rich. But Tim gave away the World Wide Web for nothing. He now works in America. He helps people share technology and wants the Internet to be free for everyone to use. Maybe he is the most important but least famous inventor in the world today!

( ) 31. What was Tim Berners-Lee interested in?

A. Looking for jobs in different cities.

B. Talking to people around the world.

C. Studying how to connect computers.

D. Exploring how to improve memory. ( ) 32. The underlined word \

A. Working on early computers

B. Connecting different facts together

C. Travelling to the office in Switzerland

D. Repeating the answers to the same questions

( ) 33. Why is Tim Berners-Lee one of the most important men in the world?

A. He made information sharing on the Internet possible.

B. He made the first computer when he was 21 years old.

C. He helped people understand better how the brain works.

D. He invented the Internet and made it free for everyone to use.

( ) 34. In what order did the following events take place?

a. Tim worked in England.

b. Tim worked in Switzerland.

c. Tim made his first computer.

d. Tim invented the World Wide Web.

e. Tim studied science at Oxford University.

A. c-e-d-a-b

B. e-b-a-c-d

C. c-d-a-e-b

D. e-c-a-b-d

( ) 35. What does the writer think of Tim Berners-Lee?

A. He is not famous because he is not rich.

B. He has changed our lives and he is great.


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