人教版八年级下册英语知识点总结

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英语知识点

Unit 1 What’s the matter?

一、重点短语

1. have a fever 发烧2. have a cough 咳嗽3. have a toothache 牙疼4. talk too much 说得太多5. drink enough water喝足够的水6. have a cold 受凉;感冒7. have a stomachache 胃疼8. have a sore back 背疼9. have a sore throat 喉咙痛10. lie down and rest 躺下来休息11. hot tea w ith honey 加蜂蜜的热茶12. see a dentist 看牙医13. get an X-ray 拍X 光片14. take one’ s temperature 量体温15. put some medicine on sth. 在……上面敷药16. feel very hot 感到很热17. sound like 听起来像18. all weekend 整个周末19. in the same way ? 以同样的方式20. go to a doctor 看医生21. go along 沿着……走22. on the side of the road 在马路边23. shout for help 大声呼救24. without th inking twice 没有多想25. get off 下车26. have a heart problem 有心脏病27. to one’ s surprise 使....... [京讶的28. thanks to 多亏了 ;由于29. in time 及时30. save a life 挽救生命31. get into trouble 造成麻烦32. right away 立刻;马上33. because of 由于34. get out of 离开;从……出萍35. hurt oneself 受伤36. put a bandage on sth. 用绷带包扎37. fa ll down 摔倒38. feel sick 感到恶心39. have a nosebleed 流鼻血40. cut his knee 割伤他的膝盖42. have problems breathing 呼吸困难43. mountain climbing 登山运动44. be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事45. run out (of) 用完;用尽46. so that 以便47. so. . . that 如此… …以至于…48. be in control of 掌管;管理49. in a d iffic u lt situation 在闲境屮50. keep on doing sth. 继续或坚持做某事51. make a decision 做出决定52. take risks 冒险53. give up 放弃

二、重点句型

1. What’ s the matter? What’ s the matter with you? = What’s the trouble with you? = What’ s wrong with you?你怎么了2. W hat should she do?她该怎么办呢?

Should I take my temperature?我应该量一下体温吗?主语+ should/shouldn’t + 动词原形. ..①You should lie down and rest.你应该躺下休息一会儿。② You shouldn’ t go out at night.

你晚上不应该出去。

3. Do you think it comes from a newspaper or abook?

你认为它是来自报纸还是书呢?

4. I think I sat in the same way for too long withoutmoving.

我想我以同样的姿势一动不动地坐得太久了。

5. She said that the man had a heart problem andshould go to the hospital

Unit 2 I ’ll help to clean up the city parks.

一、重点短语

1. Clean-Up Day 清洁日2. an old people’s home 养老院3. help out with sth. 帮助解决困难4. used to 曾经… … ;过去_5. care for 关心;照顾6. the look of joy 快乐的表情

7. at the age of 在......岁时8clean up 打扫(或清除)干净9. cheer up (使)变得更高兴;振雀10. give out 分发;散发11. come up w ith 想出;提出12. make a plan 制订计划13. make some notices 做些公告牌14. try out 试用;试行15. work for 为…工作;为…. 效力

16. put up 建造;举起;张贴17. hand out 分发;散发;发给18. call up 打电话;召集

19. put off 推迟;延迟20. for example 比如;例如21. raise money 筹钱;募捐

22. take after 与......相像;像23. give away 赠送;捐赠24. fix up 修理;修补;解决

25. be similar to 与……相似26. set up 建立;设立27. disabled people 残疾人

28. make a difference 影响;有作29. be able to 能够30. after-school reading program

二、重点句型

1. The boy could give out food at the food bank.这个男孩可以在食品救济站分发食物。

2. Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now.清洁日离现在仅仅两周的时间。

3. He volunteers at an animal hospital every Saturdaymorning.每周六上午,他都在一'家动物医院当志愿者。

4. Last year, she decided to try out for a volunteerafter-school reading program.

去年,她决定去参加一个课外阅读项目的志愿者的选拔。

5. . . . you can see in th e ir eyes that th e y? re going ona different journey w ith each new book.……从他们的眼睛里你可以看到他们正在进行每

本不同的新书之旅。

6. I want to put off my plan to w o rk in an animal hospital u n til next summer.

我想把我在动物医院工作的计划推迟到明年夏天。

7. Most people today are only worried about gettinggood jobs to make lots of money.

现在的大部分人只是为找一份能挣许多钱的好工作而着急。

8. You helped to make it possible for me to haveLucky.在你的帮助下,我才有可能拥有“幸运儿”。

Unit 3 Could you please clean your room?

重点短语

go out for dinner 出去吃饭stay out late 在外面待到很晚go to the movies 去看电影

get a ride 搭车work on 从事finish doing sth. 完成做某事clean and tid y 干净整洁

do the dishes 洗餐take out the rubbish 倒垃圾fold yourhe clothes 叠衣服

sweep the floor 扫地make yourhe bed 整理床铺clean the livng room 打扫客厅

no problem 没问题welcome sb. 欢迎某人come home fro m school/ work放学/下班回家

throw down 扔下sit down 坐下come over 过来take sb. for a walk 带某人去散步

all the time 一直;总是all day/evening 整曰/夜do housew ork 做家务shout back 大声回应

walk away 走开.share the housework 分担家务a com fortable home 一个舒适的家

in surprise 惊讶地get som ething to drin k 拿点喝的东西watch one show 观看一个节目

hang out 闲逛pass sb. sth. 把某物传给某人lend sb. sth. 把某物借给某人

get sth. wet 使某物弄湿hate to do sth. 讨厌做某事do chores 做杂务

help sb. (to ) d o /with sth?帮助某人干某事bring a tent带顶帐篷来

buy some snacks买些小吃go to the store去商店invite sb. to a party邀请某人参加聚会

make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事enough stress足够的压力awaste of tim e浪费时间

in order to为了get good grades取得好成绩m ind doing sth. 介意做某事

depend on依赖;依靠develop c h ild re n ’ s independence发展孩子的独立性

look afterake care of 照顾;照看do one’ s part in (doin g ) sth.做某人分内的事

二、重点句型

1. Could you please…..do sth. ? Could you please clean your room?

你能整理一下你的房间吗? 2. I have to do some work.我必须干些活。

3. Could I+ do sth. ? Could I use your computer?我可以用一下你的电脑吗?

4. She won’ t be happy if she sees th is mess.如果她看到这样乱七八糟的话,她会不高兴的。5. For one week, she did not do any housework andneither did I.

整整一周,她什么家务活都不干了,我也一样。

6. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in frontof the T V .我一在电视机前坐下,我妈妈就过来了。7. hate + ( to do/ doing) sth. I hate to do chores.

Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?

一、重点短语

1. have free time有空闲时间2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事3. hang out with sb. 与某人闲逛4. after-school classes课外活动课5. get into a fight w ith sb. 与某人吵架/打架6. until midnight直到半夜7. talk to sb. 与某人交谈8. too many太多9. study too much学得过多10. get enough sleep有足够的睡眠11. write sb. a letter给某人写信12. call sb. up打电话给某人13. surprise sb. 令某人惊讶14. look through翻看15. be angry with sb. 生某人的气16. a big deal重要的事17. work out成功地发展;解决18. get on with不 11睦相处;关系良: 19. fight a lot经常吵架/打架20. hang over笼罩21. refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事22. offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事23. so that以便24. mind sb. doing sth. 介意某人做某事25. all the time一直26. in future今后27. make sb. angry使某人生气28. worry about sth. 担心某事29. copy one’ s homework抄袭某人的作业30. be oneself做自己

31. family members32. spend time alone独自消磨时光33. give sb. pressure给某人施压

34. have a fight w ith sb. 与某人吵架35. compete w ith sb. 与某人竞争36. free time activities业余活动37. get better grades取得更好的成绩38. give one’ s opinion提出某人的观点39. learn exam skills学习应试技巧40. practice sports体育训练41. cause stress造成压力42. cut out删除

二、重点句型

1. I studied until mid night last night so I did n ‘t getenough sleep.

我昨晚学习到半夜所以睡眠不足。

2. Why don 't you forge t about it?你为什么不忘掉它呢?

3. Although she ’ s wrong , i t ' s not a big deal.虽然她错了 ?但这并不是什么大事儿。

4. H e should talk to his friend so that he can say h e’sorry.

他应该跟朋友谈谈以便他能说声对不起。

5. May be you could go to his house.也许你可以去他家。

6. I guess I could, but I dont want to surpris e him.我想我可以.但我不想让他感到惊讶

Unit 5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came?

一、重点短语

1. make sure 确信;确认2. beat against... 拍打… …3. fall asleep 进人梦乡;睡着

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