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The Simplest Way to Drastically Improve Your Life: More Sleep


New York Times

Imagine this: Someone walks up to you and pitches you on a brand-new, magical pill.



The study compared a traditional high-pitch smoke alarm with voice-based ones.

作为名词,表示“音调”,英文解释为“The pitch of a sound is how high or low it is.”,举个??:

He raised his voice to an even higher pitch.


pitch意思也是多样,同样作名词时,比如可用作为field的近义词,表示“场地,比赛场地”,英文解释为“a marked out area of ground on which a sport is played”,如:football/cricket/rugby pitch 足球场/板球场/橄榄球场;

短语on the pitch可以表示“参加比赛”=playing a sport;举个??:

He was on the pitch for his school.


而此处在文中作为动词,表示“竭力推销”,英文解释为to try to persuade someone to do business with you, buy something etc informal,举个??:

... sales reps pitching new gadgets


此外,作动词也可以表示“〔通常仔细瞄准后〕用力投[扔,抛,掷]”,英文解释为“to throw something with a lot of force, often aiming carefully”,举个??:

She pitched the page into the fire.


This pill can measurably improve your memory, overall cognitive performance, ability to learn new information, receptivity to facial cues, mood, ability to handle problems, metabolism, risk for heart disease and immune system.


形容词性:measurable,除了可以表示“可测量的,可度量的”,如measurable results 可衡量的结果,此处还可以表示“明显的,显著的”,英文解释为“large or important enough to have an effect that can be seen or felt”,举个??:

The law has had little measurable effect since it was introduced two years ago.


同义词:noticeble 同样表示“容易注意到的,明显的,显著的”,如:显著差异/显著变化/显著增加 noticeable difference/change/increase,举个??:

Alcohol has a noticeable effect on the body.



表示“新陈代谢”,英文解释为“the chemical processes by which food is changed into energy in your body.”

Would you buy it?
Yeah, yeah, you saw this coming: That pill exists, but not in pill form. You can have all of those benefits cost-free, and all it takes is going to bed a little bit earlier. That"https:s it.
And yet! The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have called sleep deprivation a public health crisis, saying that one-third of adults don"https:t get enough sleep. Some 80 percent of people report sleep problems at least once per week, and according to a 2016 study, sleep deprivation “causes more than $400 billion in economic losses annually in the United States and results in 1.23 million lost days of work each year.”
但是!疾病控制和预防中心(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)把睡眠剥夺称作是一场公共卫生危机,它表示三分之一的成年人睡眠不足。大约80%的人每周至少报告一次睡眠问题,并且,根据2016年的一项研究,睡眠剥夺“对美国经济造成的损失每年超过4000亿美元,并导致每年123万个工作日的损失”。



睡眠剥夺(英语:sleep deprivation)它可以是慢性的,也可以是急性的。慢性的睡眠不足可能会导致疲劳、白天昏昏欲睡、反应迟钝、体重增加或减轻。它对大脑和认知系统有影响。

If that"https:s not enough, here is a non-comprehensive list of the ways your sleep deprivation is personally harming you:
■ Your overall cognitive performance — particularly your visual attention and ability to form memories — deteriorates. (More colloquially, this is that “brain fog” we all experience after a late night.)
■ 你的整体认知表现——特别是你的视觉注意力和形成记忆的能力——会衰退。(更通俗地说,这是我们在深夜后都会经历的“脑雾”。)


表示“恶化”,英文解释为“to become worse”,举个??:

Sam"https:s health has deteriorated.



形容词性:colloquial,表示“口语的,会话的,白话的,通俗的”,英文解释为“language or words that are colloquial are used mainly in informal conversations rather than in writing or formal speech.”

■ Your ability to learn new information is impaired, both by sleep deprivation before you learn new information and afterward.
■ 在你学习新信息的之前和之后,你学习新信息的能力都会因睡眠不足而受损。


impair作动词,表示“削弱,损害,损伤”,英文解释为“to damage something or make it not as good as it should be”,举个??:

The illness had impaired his ability to think and concentrate.


■ You"https:re less likely to correctly read facial expressions, even interpreting some expressions — even neutral ones — as threatening.
■ 你可能无法正确地解读面部表情,甚至会将一些表情——甚至是中性的那些——解读为威胁。
■ You"https:re likely to be more cranky and react worse when presented with obstacles.
■ 当遇到阻碍时,你可能会更暴躁并且反应更糟。



I was feeling tired and cranky.


■ Beyond your severely impaired mental abilities, your body is affected, too: A lack of adequate sleep can contribute to weight gain, puts you at a higher risk of diabetes and heart disease, and makes you far less resistant to the common cold.
■ 除了严重受损的心智能力之外,你的身体也会受到影响: 缺乏足够的睡眠会导致体重增加,使你患糖尿病和心脏病的风险更高,并使你对普通感冒的抵抗力大大降低。
That is insane! All of this from just not getting enough sleep!
So what are we to do? We"https:ve got you covered with The Times"https:s guide to getting a better night"https:s sleep.
First, learn how much sleep you need. Generally, if you"https:re waking up tired, you"https:re not getting enough.
首先, 了解您需要多少睡眠。一般来说,如果你醒来觉得疲惫,那你就睡得不够。
However, the gold standard of eight hours per night might not be right for you. A study from 2015 brought into question whether we need that magical number, so following your body is the best way to figure out the right rhythm. The only real guideline is to get as much sleep as you need to feel refreshed and energized the next day, and then do that every single night. Keeping a sleep diary — like this one— can help you figure this out.
Next, figure out your body"https:s natural rhythm. Maybe after years of trying, you need to acknowledge that you"https:re just not a morning person. And that"https:s perfectly fine! Find out what kind of sleeper you are, and don"https:t fight your body"https:s natural sleep tendencies.
接下来, 弄清楚你身体的自然节奏。也许经过多年的尝试,你需要承认你不是早起的那类人。这非常好!找出你是什么类型的睡眠者,不要对抗你身体自然的睡眠倾向。
Last, keep a consistent sleep schedule. This can be the most important part of your overall sleep hygiene. We"https:re all equipped with a circadian clock, which is that internal 24-hour timer that naturally tells us when to sleep, and the best way to getting rest and feeling rested is to keep this consistent. Fall asleep and wake up at the same time every day (including weekends), and try to build as much regularity into your schedule as possible, including meal times, exercise routines, screen time (and when to shut off the screens) and morning sunlight time. And don"https:t forget to keep your bedroom cool.
最后, 保持一致的睡眠时间表。这可能是整体睡眠健康中最重要的部分。我们都有生物钟,这是身体内部的24小时计时器,它能自然地告诉我们什么时候睡觉,休息和感觉精力充沛的最佳方法是保持这种生物钟。每天(包括周末)在同一时间入睡和醒来,并尝试使你的日程安排变得尽可能规律,包括用餐时间、锻炼习惯、看屏幕的时间(以及何时关闭屏幕)和早晨晒到阳光的时间。别忘了保持卧室的凉爽。



表示“卫生;保健”,英文解释为“the practice of keeping yourself and the things around you clean in order to prevent diseases”,举个??:

oral/dental hygiene 口腔卫生

personal hygiene 个人卫生

food hygiene 食品卫生

circadian clock

表示“生物钟”,也可以说biological clock;

Your biological clock is your body"https:s way of registering time. It does not rely on events such as day or night, but on factors such as your habits, your age, and chemical changes taking place in your body.

其中circadian意思是“〔尤指体内变化〕昼夜节律的,生理节奏的,以24小时为周期的”,英文解释为“relating to a period of 24 hours, used especially when talking about changes in people’s bodies”。

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